Lobbying Across Multiple Levels (LiM)

German Federal Institutions, European Union, and the Länder (LiM)

It is commonly thought that organized interest groups wield disproportionate influence over public decision-making. The media frequently report close relationships between affluent, self-serving special interests and policymakers; and citizens rank lobbying as one of the least respected occupations of all.

But a fair amount of research has found minimal evidence that lobby groups successfully influence national policy decisions. Why is there so little evidence of something so many believe to be true?

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